Performance Trends, Inc.

Producing Quality Computer Tools for Racers and Engine Builders since 1986

Blowby Sensor to Measure CFM Flow from Engine Crankcase During Dynamometer or On Track Testing

for information on our Blowby Recorder

for a table on Typical Blowby CFM Flows for Sizing your Blowby Sensor

Dual Blowby's Installed at BMW in Europe
Blow-By-Meters-At-BMW.JPG (171905 bytes)  click image to enlarge

The most common checks for Piston Ring sealing are cranking compression and leak down. Both of these can falsely indicate a problem if a small amount of debris is preventing a ring from setting in the ring lands correctly or holding open a valve. The next check you do could show everything is fine. You also do not get a real measure of how well this engine seals up compared to that last engine you built. Neither of these check Piston Ring Sealing while the engine is running. Now with Performance Trends' affordable Blowby Sensor, you can actually measure CFM of blowby during your dyno tests.

Hook up the blowby sensor to your valve cover following the instructions with your sensor.  (Click here for a copy of these instructions.)  Hook up the electrical lead to one of Performance Trends' DataMite data loggers.  Pick the built in Blowby Sensor calibration for your range of sensor and you're ready to test measure the CFM of blowby from your engine at all engine RPMs.  Now you can get a history of your engine's blowby levels.  For example: last year you were running 3.3 CFM at 4000 and 3.7 CFM at 7000 RPM.  This year with your new boring technique, you're down to 2.2 CFM at 4000 and 2.3 CFM at 7000.  Now you can really measure if you are going in the right direction.

Other features include:

  • Large 1" diameter inlet and outlet to be able to handle 1000+ HP engines.
  • Rugged, all aluminum construction.
  • Several flow ranges available (0.3 CFM to 18 CFM standard, and other custom ranges available) to handle most any size engine with good accuracy.
  • Can measure small flows in the reverse direction. This is good for diagnostic work and is used by the Performance Trends DataMite software to warn meter may be installed backward.
  • Can be used in any dyno system which provides 5VDC power, can measure a 0-5 volt output and allows you to type in a calibration table of CFM for various voltage outputs.

You can even measure blowby on small karting motors, with our new very low 0.3 CFM range sensor.  See graph below of data recorded with our Dyno DataMite III logger testing a new clone motor with good ring sealing.  Single cylinder motors create tremendous pulsations on the crankcase.  To dampen out these pulsations for accurate measurements, you need to place a plenum in the line between the motor and the blowby sensor.  See diagram below.

    for more installation tips

 

Blowby Recorder

This hand held device lets you display the blowby as either CFM (cubic feet per minute), LPS (liters/second) or LPM (liters/min) without need of a data logger.  You can also record blowby for as little as a few seconds or for up to 20 minutes.  Then you can playback your data on the Recorder, or download to the free Blowby Analyzer software for graphing, printing, saving, etc.

Blowby Recorder

 

Blowby Logger's main features include:

  • User selectable averaging time, from None (meaning 0.1 second readings to catch fast changes) up to 5 second averages for good average readings and long recording times.  Recording times of up to 20 minutes, or 1240 data points are available.
  • Recorder Options of Start and Stop recording, erasing data, and playback on the recorder.
  • Free software lets you send recorded data to your PC for graphing, printing, saving, adding comments, and opening old data files  (Win XP, Vista, Win 7, Win 10).
  • Display blowby readings as either CFM (cubic feet per minute), LPS (liters per second) or LPM (liters per minute).
  • Option to provide a linearized 0-5 volt DC output signal for easier recording by third party data loggers, for example a dyno system or vehicle data logger.  (Performance Trends' DataMite loggers can record the standard non-linear output with no problems.)
  • Rechargeable lithium Ion battery for long life and charging via USB cable to PC.
  • Advanced Calibration factors let you fine tune your blowby meter's calibration.

 

Blowby Data Logger Program

 

for an example of an Export File of Blowby Data

 

Newest Features  In late 2013 we added a feature to the logger to record RPM data with the blowby data.  Now you can see the RPM where a particular blowby reading was obtained.  See screen below.  The black line on the graph is the RPM data, which is also included in the data list to the right of the blowby CFM readings.

2013 Blowby Data Logger Program with RPM Data

 

A user of our Blowby Sensor and Mini Logger sent us some data they recorded when running a 331 SB Ford on their DTS dyno.  The DTS dyno did not have any spare channels, so the separate logger was the obvious fix.  The data is for 3 back-to-back runs, about 2 minutes of recording time.  It shows good repeatability, and how handy it is to have a separate logger recording both blowby and RPM.  In the highlighted row in the list it shows 2.80 CFM at 6951 RPM at 52.9 seconds into the data set.  This data could be exported to Notepad for more analysis if needed.

Recording 116 seconds of data on 3 Consecutive DTS Dyno Runs (one large segment) on 331 cid Ford 

 

Blowby Recorder Harness for RPM Input                        Magnetic RPM Sensor for Blowby Recorder          Reflective RPM Sensor for Blowby Recorder DT3-RPMR    12 volt Tach Signal RPM Input  DMC-BLRT
Blowby-Harness-w-RPM-Input.jpg (68308 bytes)  click image to enlarge                          BB2-RPML.jpg (85193 bytes) click image to enlarge                 Optical-Reflective-Sensor.jpg (23636 bytes) click image to enlarge                            DMC-BLRT  DataMite Micro - Tach RPM Cable.jpg (56403 bytes) click image to enlarge  

 

for an example of an Export File of Blowby Data with RPM

for more info on the Blowby Logger

 

More Info:

Click here  for installation tips.

Customers frequently ask what are the typical Blowby CFM flows they should expect from their engines, and what is too high.  The equations in the table below should let you make this VERY APPROXIMATE estimate.  The actual blowby level and acceptable blowby limits will vary greatly between different engine manufacturers and engine applications.

Application Equation for Typical Blowby Equation for Blowby Suggesting Rebuild
Used Motor, "workhorse vehicle"    .01 x Peak Tq (ft lbs)     .02 x Peak Tq (ft lbs) 
Modern production motor    .005 x Peak Tq (ft lbs)     .015 x Peak Tq (ft lbs) 
"Tight" racing motor    .0025 x Peak Tq (ft lbs)     .0075 x Peak Tq (ft lbs) 

For example, if you have a modern production vehicle (naturally aspirated, turbocharged, most anything) which has an advertised peak torque of 300 ft lbs, it will likely produce about 1.5 CFM of blowby (300 x .005 = 1.5).  You would consider the blowby high, indicating the rings may be bad if the blowby was over 4.5 CFM (300 x .015 = 4.5 CFM).

Notes:  

  • High blowby typically does not mean much loss in performance.  It has to be VERY high for a performance loss.  (However, in racing, even a, say, 0.2% loss in performance could be important.)  Our Engine Analyzer Pro lets you simulate different ring sealing to estimate the performance loss due to blowby.
  • VERY high output race engines, especially supercharged or turbocharged making 2 or more HP per cubic inch, can produce much higher blowby than what is described in the table above.  We've seen 3000 HP race engines produce over 100 CFM blowby.  By the table above, assuming the 3000 HP engine produced about 2000 ft lbs, this race engine should have typically only been producing about 5 CFM of blowby (2000 x .0025).
  • Blowby typically presents itself as a problem of excessive oil consumption (which can also cause detonation), high oil pan pressure which can blow out seals or prevent oil drain back to the pan from the heads, oil soaked air cleaner, poisoned catalytic converters, etc.

 

To Order:

Click here for prices.

Call 248-473-9230. Visa or Mastercard accepted.

Electronics like Blow By Sensor have a limited 1 year warranty.